Terrorism is a type of war

Edgar Degas

Pop Culture Video of the Week

Recently the news have been talking about a war in Syria. If your marginally aware of it that means the war is out of sight. There are so may casualties and shortages that people are dead. Help save lives in Ghouta, Syria. Agencies like Human Concern International HCI is on the ground providing food and medical aid. Donate now and help save a life! 561 people killed. Children are in need of immediate medical treatment. Food shortages has lead to malnutrition.

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Gigi Hadid Adventure Story

Gigi Hadid and Zayn Malik have split and we found out why they called it quits after over 2 years together.

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“I and the person who looks after an orphan will be like this in paradise.” – Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) Moslems are the richest demographic in the world and surprisingly the most affected war orphans are Moslems too. The statistics say that a child slave sells for 5 Euros in Europe.

Islamic Relief support over 55,000 orphans in over 25 countries worldwide. A sponsorship ensures that these vulnerable orphans can gain their education while having enough money for basic needs such as food, healthcare and household necessities. Once a donor sponsors a child, they are paired up with an orphan in need. The sponsorship helps take the pressure off the guardian by providing necessary financial aid that not only helps the child, but also their family. In each country, our field officers track the progress and needs of every orphan. Donors can send letters to their sponsored orphans along with monetary gifts for special occasions such as Eid and birthdays.

Ecotourism
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Gorilla trekking safaris in Rwanda

The Virunga Mountains that straddle the borders of Rwanda, Uganda and the Democratic Republic of Congo, are home to around 480 mountain gorillas, more than half of the world’s entire population (the rest live in Bwindi Impenetrable Forest in Uganda). In Volcanoes National Park, the Rwandan part of the Virungas, twelve gorilla groups are now habituated for gorilla safaris, more than anywhere else in the world.

Look into the eyes of a large silverback gorilla and he’ll look back with a thoughtful, intelligent gaze, mindful that you’re another individual. Any apprehensions or nerves you might have had during your trek will melt away the minute you see your gorilla family. Gorilla trekking safaris offer a magical encounter that transcends any other ‘wildlife’ experience we know.

Click for information on Volcanoes National Park, or read on for more about the truly awe-inspiring experience of tracking to see mountain gorillas in their natural environment…
Planning your gorilla trekking safari

When to go gorilla trekking

Gorilla trekking safaris can be done throughout the year. The hiking itself can be more arduous in the rainy seasons from April – May and in November, but at an altitude of 2000m and more, it can of course rain here at any time of the year. For more details, see Rwanda’s climate.

The most popular times for gorilla tracking are during the drier months, between December and February, and from about June to mid-September.
Permits for gorilla trekking

Inevitably, securing permits for trekking gorillas over these popular periods can be difficult at short notice, so you should plan well ahead. We will make all the arrangements for buying your permits.

A maximum of 96 gorilla tracking permits are available each day. As of 6th May 2017, the Rwandan Development Board has increased the costs of the gorilla permits from US$ 750 to US$ 1,500 per person, for a one-hour visit. The new prices aim to strengthen conservation efforts and support the development of local communities. Travellers who are also spending a minimum of three nights in either Nyungwe Forest National Park or Akagera National Park during the months of November to May are entitled to a 30% discount – reducing the costs to US$ 1,050 per person. Amongst other things, the permit pays for a 24-hour guard for each gorilla group (armed teams constantly track each habituated group – like royal bodyguards in the UK!).
How fit do I need to be to track gorillas?

You don’t have to be super-fit for a gorilla tracking safari but it does help if you have a general level of fitness, if only to enhance your overall enjoyment of the experience. Walking will be at a slow pace, with time for breaks if needed. Depending on which group you track, and the time of year you go (gorillas tend to move down the mountains in the rains), you might find yourself walking on some pretty steep slopes for several hours. On the other hand, you could reach your group after a 30-minute stroll. It’s best to prepare for the most active option however, and if nothing else, a few hill walks before you leave would be beneficial.
The gorilla trekking experience in Volcanoes National Park

Whilst a gorilla trekking safari is likely to be a once-in-a-lifetime experience for you, the staff at Volcanoes National Park have been doing this for several years and run a very smooth operation, hence treks to the mountain gorillas are well-organised and clearly structured.
What it’s like on a gorilla trekking safari

On the day of your gorilla trekking, you’ll set off very early in the morning to track to the apes from the edge of the forest. Your driver/guide will take you from your lodge (see places to stay in Volcanoes National Park) to the park headquarters in Kinigi village. The guides here speak excellent English and are very good. They will be taking you to a specific group of ‘habituated’ mountain gorillas, which are used to human visitors, and known well by the guides.

You’ll be divided into parties of 8 and, after a briefing on safety and gorilla trekking etiquette, you’ll be driven to the start of the trail to reach your mountain gorilla group. Your guide will then lead you along generally clear paths up into the forest, in radio communication with the trackers that stay with the group so that they can be located. The altitude is over 2,500m, so although the pace is unhurried, the hike is tiring and can be steep in parts, taking from 30 minutes to a few hours. Don’t be surprised if you feel a bit breathless at this altitude – this is perfectly normal.

Most trekkers are a little apprehensive – a large silverback male gorilla can weigh up to 200kg, or three times the weight of the average man, but the apprehension usually vanishes when you see the group. Often the gorillas will be spread around a small area of dense vegetation. They’ll continue with their feeding and interactions, nonchalant about their visitors, though watching you with interest. Occasionally one, often a playful youngster, will approach you with curiosity – sometimes coming so close that you’ll have to move away.
Gorilla tracking etiquette

Mountain gorillas share 98% of our DNA and as such are very susceptible to catching human infections, particularly respiratory ones, but they don’t have our immune system to deal with them – a common cold could eventually prove life-threatening. Various rules for gorilla trekking are therefore in place to help protect these precious primates.
Only one group of tourists can visit the mountain gorillas each day and once you’ve found them, you’ll have just one precious hour in their company. If you have a cold, flu or other contagious infection, you shouldn’t go gorilla trekking.

You should keep a distance of 7m from the gorillas, although of course the gorillas themselves are unaware of this and will often get very close, in which case you should try to move away.

When you’re with your group, you should try not to make sudden movements and to keep your voices low so that the group remains relaxed. Although these mountain gorillas are now used to seeing people, do bear in mind that they are still wild animals and can sometimes react unexpectedly, so always heed your guide’s and trackers’ instructions.

You won’t be allowed to eat or drink when you’re with the gorillas.
What kit should you take for a gorilla trekking safari?

Paths on gorilla treks can be slippery, muddy and steep so sturdy walking boots are essential. Some people take thick gardening gloves because of the brambles and nettles en route and you should wear long trousers rather than shorts. A waterproof jacket may come in handy and take some water and a snack in case it’s a long trek. You might also find a walking stick or pole helpful.

For a small fee, porters are available at the trailheads to carry your backpacks and offer a hand during tricky parts of the hike. Even if you don’t really need them, hiring a porter is a helpful way to contribute directly to the local economy and chatting to them en route can enhance your experience both of local life and of your gorilla trek.
Photography on a gorilla trekking safari

If you’re a keen photographer, taking your own pictures of mountain gorillas is one of the most magical photo sessions you’ll ever experience. Do bear in mind that the light can be poor in the rainforest and that use of flash is not permitted. You might also need to protect your camera against heavy rain.
Mountain gorilla groups in Rwanda’s Volcanoes National Park

The various groups and their locations will obviously change from time to time: mountain gorillas often climb higher in the dry season and descend during the rains, they might move on due to pressure from wild gorillas and individuals will often join other groups. When tracking gorillas, it’s possible to request to visit a specific group once you are at the park headquarters, but this can never be guaranteed. These are some of the groups currently habituated for gorilla safaris in Volcanoes National Park:
The Sabyinyo Group has about 12 individuals, including two silverback gorillas, and is usually found relatively close to the edge of the forest (about 20–40-minutes’ walk), between Sabyinyo and Gahinga.
Agashya Group, also known by its former name Group Thirteen, usually lives close to the Sabyinyo Group but can range very far and high. It has about 25 gorillas with 2 silverbacks.
Usually living between the Karisoke and Visoke (sometimes called Bisoke) peaks are the Amahoro Group, with about 17 individuals, and the Umubano Group, which currently has 11 members. Both are usually further away from the headquarters than the Sabyinyo and Agasha groups, but easier to reach than the Susa Group.
Originally studied by Dian Fossey, the Susa Group is the largest, with about 40 individuals, including 3 silverbacks. In the summer months in particular it can be a tough trek to reach this group high up on Mount Karisimbi, but it’s well worth the effort because of their number and because, uniquely, it has two sets of twins, a very rare occurrence in the world of gorillas.
The Karisimbi Group, which split from the Susa group a few years ago, also lives in the Mt. Karisimbi area of Volcanoes National Park and is also suited to visits from more serious hikers. Both of these groups can potentially involve a full day’s trek.
The Hirwa Group has around 11 members including one silverback and another pair of twins. Together with the two pairs of twins in the Susa group, these are the only known surviving twins of mountain gorillas in the world.
The Kwitonda Group has 18 members and was habituated in the DRC. They crossed the border into Rwanda in 2005, and were carefully tracked and are now also being visited on a regular basis, although they are known to range far.
The Bwenge Group, named after their silverback, has 11 members and can be a tough trek, as can the Ugende Group, whose name means “on the move” – its 11 individuals often move to new areas.

Planting tip or recipe
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Tune and Lyrics


“Truly Madly Deeply”

I’ll be your dream
I’ll be your wish
I’ll be your fantasy
I’ll be your hope
I’ll be your love
Be everything that you need

I’ll love you more with every breath
Truly, madly, deeply do
I will be strong
I will be faithful
‘Cause I’m counting on
A new beginning
A reason for living
A deeper meaning, yeah

I wanna stand with you on a mountain
I wanna bathe with you in the sea
I wanna lay like this forever
Until the sky falls down on me

And when the stars are shining brightly in the velvet sky,
I’ll make a wish, send it to heaven then make you want to cry
The tears of joy for all the pleasure and the certainty
That we’re surrounded by the comfort and protection of the highest powers
In lonely hours
The tears devour you

I wanna stand with you on a mountain
I wanna bathe with you in the sea
I wanna lay like this forever
Until the sky falls down on me

Oh, can you see it, baby?
You don’t have to close your eyes
‘Cause it’s standing right before you
All that you need will surely come

I’ll be your dream
I’ll be your wish
I’ll be your fantasy
I’ll be your hope
I’ll be your love
Be everything that you need

I’ll love you more with every breath
Truly, madly, deeply do
(I love you)

I wanna stand with you on a mountain
I wanna bathe with you in the sea
I wanna lay like this forever
Until the sky falls down on me

I wanna stand with you on a mountain
I wanna bathe with you in the sea
I wanna lay like this forever
Until the sky falls down on me

The Lord’s Prayer
Matthew 6:9-13 (NRSV)

Our Father in heaven, hallowed be your name. Your kingdom come. Your will be done, on earth as it is in heaven. Give us this day our daily bread. And forgive us our debts, as we also have forgiven our debtors. And do not bring us to the time of trial, but rescue us from the evil one.

Legalline Resource Tip of the day
Due Diligence and tips to avoid fraud
Discovering the fraud

To discover a fraud is to discover a breach of trust. Whether the fraud relates to investment matters, employment scenarios, conduct between business associates, or other forms of relationships, the emotional effects resulting from fraud may be significant. It is common for fraud victims to immediately react and contact the fraudster and demand the return of their funds and/or to contact the police. It is advisable that fraud victims restrain themselves from these natural responses and take some time to evaluate their situation and how best to get their money back.

Do not contact the fraudster

If a victim immediately confronts the fraudster, they run the risk that the fraudster will destroy the evidence to support the case and will dissipate the funds the victim seeks to recover. If the victim does not alert the fraudster that they have discovered the fraud, the element of surprise often enhances a fraud victim’s chances of recovery.

Fraud, in its essence, is “theft by lies.” There are no persuasive reasons to believe that those who have committed a fraud in order to obtain money will later provide a straight answer when confronted with their lies. Rather, after having violated the trust of their victim, the tendency of fraudsters is to deny their wrongdoing and to offer a myriad of excuses, often blaming the victim for their own “misfortune.”

Often, fraudsters who realize that their scheme has been discovered will attempt to cover their tracks by many different methods, including:

deleting the electronic communications evidencing their fraud,
destroy any physical evidence of the fraud,
hiding the victims money,
leaving the jurisdiction.
Speak with someone trusted

Instead of confronting the fraudster, it is a better plan for fraud victims to contact someone they trust such as a family member, a friend or a professional with whom they deal, in order to confirm the reasonableness of their beliefs that they have been defrauded.

Delay Contacting Witnesses or Anyone Known to the Fraudster

If the victim contacts anyone who knows the fraudster, they run the risk that they will inadvertently or sometimes intentionally alert the fraudster, despite whatever assurances they give. It is best for fraud victims to have their case assessed by a fraud recovery lawyer to determine its strength before seeking to obtain further evidence held by the fraudster or by third parties.

Start gathering evidence

If you have confirmed that a fraud has been perpetrated, Sstart to gather evidence that you can easily obtain, and preserve it. Organize any electronic and paper documents relating to the fraud. Documents relating to the transfer of funds and representations made by the fraudster are most important. Organizing documents in chronological order assists in explaining the story to a lawyer and maybe later to police.

Get an assessment of your case

At this point, it is advisable that you contact a fraud recovery expert and get an assessment of your case.

If you discover you are a victim of fraud, contact our preferred recovery experts, Investigation Counsel, Fraud Recovery Lawyers to have your case assessed and a strategy for recovery mapped out before issuing a claim, contacting police or alerting the fraudster.


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